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CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 3
CHAPTER 1
- IRISH DRAMA- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -page 7
CHAPTER 2
- TRANSLATING TRADITION - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 19
CHAPTER 3
- BIOGRAPHY OF BRENDAN BEHAN- - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 22
CHAPTER 4
- BRENDAN BEHAN AND THE INFLUENCE OF HIS
LIFES EVENTS IN HIS WORK - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 29
CHAPTER 5
- ANALYSIS AND PARALELISM OF THE MASTERPIECES THE QUARE FELLOW AND THE HOSTAGE - - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 37
ANNEX:
- CHRONOLOGY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 53
CONLUSIONS - - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -page 58
BIBLIOGRAPHY - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - page 61
ABBREVIATIONS USED - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -page 62

EXTRAS DIN DOCUMENT

?INTRODUCTION

In this paper, I will present a short view over one of the most important Irish dramatists of the 1950s, Brendan Behan.

It is well known that there is an Irish tradition in literature, Irish drama. Irish dramatists have been writing plays for hundreds of years. Irish drama is a phenomenon of the century rooted in the social, historical and political background. The real locus of Irish drama, seen as a strong literary tradition, is Dublin and Belfast, but the rural West of Ireland too. Finally, it is a fact that Irish dramatists write their plays to an Irish audience who understand the best all the realities of the plays.

In this context, Irish dramatists express their ideas very often in Gaelic, Irish language, considered to be for most of them, and especially for Brendan Behan, the most expressive language from all the European languages

This paper will present Irish drama, and one of his major representatives, Brendan Behan, noted for his powerful political views and earthy satire.

The first part of my paper is the INTRODUCTION, a short presentation of my work, BRENDAN BEHAN: BIOGRAPHY INTO DRAMA.

CHAPTER 1 of the paper, entitled IRISH DRAMA, will present a short exposure of Irish tradition into drama. This first chapter will explore the context of Irish drama as a traditional literary gender. The politics of Irish Drama is considered primarily to be the political of national self-expression. The traditional Irish Drama is considered to be he expression of the Irish nationalism or identity. This is one of the most important themes of Irish plays, generally speaking, and Behanís plays, particularly speaking. Irish playwrights and their plays are concerned to find a theatrical correlative of intellectual, social, historical and political life of Irish and British-Irish people.

CHAPTER 2 of my paper will be a short presentation of TRANSLATING TRADITION for Irish playwrights. According to some critics, the translator is a character in search of an author. Many Irish playwrights prefer Gaelic as a language of their own expression, and they use than translation to share their thoughts to other people. A serious translation is usually an indication of fame and value. Even if texts and events go non translated, it is their translatability, which is significant.

For Brendan Behan Irish is the most expressive language, more direct than English and more bitter. He wrote some of his main works using it. His masterpiece, The Hostage, written in Gaelic first under the title An Giall, was translated then in English .For Behan , Gaelic is the language that helps him better to express his soul and thoughts and this is the reason that he prefers sometimes to write in his own language and then to translate in English.

CHAPTER 3 of this paper, entitled BIOGRAPHY OF BRENDAN BEHAN, will present the most important life-events and the literary work of the Irish playwright . Considered to be the most important playwright of the 1950, Behan passed in his life events that developed him as a writer with an original style that combined humour genuine pathos and social insight. Born in Dublin, Behan passed during his life events that realized his own style.

CHAPTER 4 of my writing, entitled BRENDAN BEHAN AND THE INFLUENCE OF HIS LIFEíS EVENTS IN HIS WORK, will present Behanís life and his influence on his work. Behan owed much of his education to his family, and of strong Republican sympathies. Arrested several times on sabotage missions in England as an IRA activist and for murder of two detectives latter, Behan spent some years in prison. His experiences as a prisoner determined him to write in this manner, his work being a mirror of his own life. The success transformed him into an alcoholic and soon after, Behan died .

CHAPTER 5, entitled ANALYSIS AND PARALELISM OF THE MASTERPIECES THE QUARE FELLOW AND THE HOSTAGE, will be an exposing of Behanís main plays, those who made him well known as a writer and representative for Irish drama. The Quare Fellow, set in an Irish jail on the day before the morning of an execution, is a realistic painter of prisonís life, containing details and characters that show without doubt the Behan lived it. The Hostage, the other important play, is a sad story of the confused kidnapped British soldier, who finds out suddenly that he is held as an object used for one British soldierís redemption in Belfast. The courageous playwright Brendan Behan could dare to write such an off-centre play on such a politically sensitive subject because he spent many years in prison for IRA activity, and knew very well this topic.

Both these plays are very dark comedies that predictably end tragically. This chapter will present too some common features that characterize the plays.

ANNEX: Chronology, will present all the events of Brendan Behanís life, in a chronological development.

The last part of the paper, entitled conclusions, will show my personal impression about Brendan Behan and the argumentation of this exposure.

CHAPTER 1

IRISH DRAMA

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